Abrahams, Roger D. 1983 The Man-of-Words in the West Indies: Performance and the Emergence of Creole Culture. Baltimore.
Aguirre Beltran, Gonzalo
1958 Cuijla, esbozo etnografico de un pueblo negro. Mexico, DF: Fondo de
1989  La poblacion negra de Mexico: estudio etnohistrico, terc era edicion. Mexico, DF: Fondo de Cultura Economica.
Beckwith, Martha W. 1929 Black Roadways: A Study of Jamaican Folk Life. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Bolland, O. Nigel 1988 Colonialism and Resistance in Belize: Essays in Historical Sociology. Belize: Cubola Productions.
Bourgois, Philippe I. 1989 Ethnicity at Work: Divided Labor on a Central American Banana Plantation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Bowser Frederick P. 1984 Africans in Spanish American Colonial Society. In Cambridge History of Latin America, Vol. 2. Leslie Bethell, ed. pp. 357-379. London: Cambridge University Press.
Carroll, Patrick J. 1991 Blacks in Colonial Veracruz: Race, Ethnicity, and Regional Development Austin: University of Texas Press.
Chinea, Jorge L. 1996 Race, Colonial Exploitation and West Immigration in Nineteenth-Century Puerto Rico, 1800-1850. The Americas 52:4.
Chomsky, Avi 1996 West Indian Workers and the United Fruit Company in Costa Rica, 1870-1940. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Conniff, Michael L. 1985 Black Labor on a White Canal: Panama, 1904-1981. University of Pittsburgh Press.
Crahan, Margaret E., and Franklin W. Knight, eds. 1991  Africa and the Caribbean: The Legacies of a Link. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Dabydeen, David, and Brinsley Samaroo, eds. 1996 Across Dark Waters: Ethnicity and Indian Identity in the Caribbean. London: Macmillan.
Davidson, William V. 1974 Historical Geography of the Bay Islands, Honduras. Birmingham, AL: Southern University Press.
Davis, Darien J., ed. 1995 Slavery and Beyond: The African Impact on Latin America and the Caribbean. Scholarly Resources.
Davis, David Brion 1965 The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
1966 The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Dominguez, Jorge I., ed. 1994 Race and Ethnicity in Latin America. New York: Garland. Dosal, Paul
1993 Doing Business with the Dictators: A Political History of United Fruit in Guatemala, 1899-1944. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources.
Echeverri Gent, Elisavinda 1992 Forgotten Workers: British West Indians in the Early Days of the Banana Industry in Costa Rica and Honduras. Journal of Latin American Studies 24(2):275-308.
Farmer, Paul E. 1992 Aids and Accusation: Haiti and the Geography of Blame. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Genovese, Eugene D. 1979 From Rebellion to Revolution: Afro-American Slave Revolts in the Making of the Modern World. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Gonzalez, Nancie L. 1988 Sojourners of the Caribbean: Ethnogenesis and Ethnohistory of the Garifuna. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Gordon, Edmund T. 1991 Anthropology and Liberation. In Decolonizing Anthropology: Moving Further toward an Anthropology for Liberation. Faye V. Harrison, ed. pp. 149-167. Washington, DC: American Anthropological Association.
Guillermoprieto, Alma 1990 Samba. New York: Vintage.
Hale, Charles 1994 Resistance and Contradiction: Miskitu Indians and the Nicaraguan State, 1894-1987. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Harpelle, Ronald 1993 The Social and Political Integration of West Indians in Costa Rica: 1930-1950. Journal of Latin American Studies 25:103-120.
Hoetink, H. 1967 The Two Variants in Caribbean Race Relations: A Contribution to the Sociology of Segmented Societies. London: Oxford University Press/The Institute of Race. 1973 Slavery and Race Relations in the Americas. New York: Harper and Row.
Irwin, Graham W. 1977 Africans Abroad: A Documentary History of the Black Diaspora in Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean during the Age of Slavery. New York: Columbia University Press.
Look Lai, Walton 1993 Indentured Labor, Caribbean Sugar: Chinese and Indian Migrants to the British West Indies, 1838-1918. Baltimore.
Manuel, Peter 1995 Caribbean Currents: Caribbean Music from Rumba to Reggae. Temple University Press.
Mintz, Sidney 1989  Caribbean Transformations. Columbia University Press.
Mintz, Sidney, and Richard Price 1992  The Birth of African-American Culture: An Anthropological Perspective.. New York: Beacon.
Mintz, Sidney, and Sally Price, eds. 1985 Caribbean Contours. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Moreno Fraginals, Manuel, ed. 1984 Africa in Latin America: Essays on History, Culture, and Socialization New York: Holmes and Meier.
Morrissey, Marietta 1989 Slave Women in the New World: Gender Stratification in the Caribbean. Lawrence, KS.
Palmer, Colin A. 1976 Slaves of the White God: Blacks in Mexico, 1570-1650. Cambridge.
Price, Richard 1983 First-Time: The Historical Vision of an Afro-American People. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Purcell, Trevor W. 1993 Banana Fallout: Class, Color, and Culture among West Indians in Costa Rica. Los Angeles: Center for Afro-American Studies, UCLA.
Roberts, John Storm 1985 Black Music of Two Worlds. Tivoli, NY: Original Music. [with Smithsonian Folkways music collection]
Rodney, Walter 1981 A History of the Guyanese Working People. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Rout, Leslie 1976 The African Experience in Spanish America, 1502 to the Present Day. Cambridge.
Schoonover, Thomas D. 1991 The World Economic Crisis, Racism, and U.S. Relations with Central America, 1893-1910. In The United States in Central America, 1860-1911: Episodes of Social Imperialism and Imperial Rivalry in the World System. pp 111-129. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Schuler, Monica 1980 "Alas, Alas, Kongo": A Social History of Indentured African Immigration into Jamaica, 1841-1865. Baltimore.
Smith, Raymond T. 1988 Kinship and Class in the West Indies: A Geneaological Study of Jamaica and Guyana. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Szwed, John F., ed. 1970 Black America. New York: Basic Books.
Wade, Peter 1993 Blackness and Race Mixture: The Dynamics of Racial Identity in Colombia. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Whitten, Norman E., and John F. Szwed, eds. 1970 Afro-American Anthropology: Contemporary Perspectives. New York: Free Press.
Wilson, Peter J.. 1973 Crab Antics. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Wolf, Eric 1982 Europe and the People without History. Berkeley: University of California Press. [an excellent chapter on the slave trade]
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