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Addressing Tragedy in the Classroom

Edited by Steven Mintz, University of Houston


  1. Introduction
  2. Historical Background
  3. Teaching Tragedy
  4. The Concept of Tragedy
  5. Religion
  6. Literature and Terror
  7. Alternatives to Violence
  8. Lesson Plans
  9. Chronologies
  10. Glossary
  11. Web Resources
  12. Essential Readings


11. WEB RESOURCES


Guides to Online Resources

Web Resources for Journalists
http://www.journalism.berkeley.edu/weblinks/
A very comprehensive site of links to online resources.



Afghanistan

Teaching Resources:

Asia Society
http://www.asiasource.org/profiles/ap_mp_03.cfm?countryid=32


General Works:

Afghanistan Online
http://www.afghan-web.com/
Afghanistan Online is a privately owned, independent web site that provides updated news and information on Afghanistan.

Amnesty International Links

CIA Factbook
http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/af.html

Letter from Afghanistan
William Vollman, The New Yorker, May 15, 2000
http://www.newyorker.com/FROM_THE_ARCHIVE/ARCHIVES/?010924fr_archive05

Yahoo
http://dir.yahoo.com/Regional/Countries/Afghanistan/News_and_Media/

Tamim Ansary, "An Afghan American Speaker"
http://www.salon.com/news/feature/2001/09/14/afghanistan/index.html

History:

Michael Creswell, "The United States Must Learn From the Soviet War in Afghanistan" http://www.h-net.org/~hns/articles/recent/100601a.html
Calls for careful study of reasons the Soviets failed in Afghanistan.

"Blundering into Afghanistan"
David Greenberg, Slate, September 19, 2001
http://slate.msn.com/historylesson/01-09-19/historylesson.asp

Stacy B. Haldi, "Why Afghanistan Will Not Be a Quagmire" http://www.h-net.org/~hns/articles/recent/100201a.html
Unique characteristics differentiating the present conflict from past Afghan wars.


Maps:

Afghanistan Maps
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/afghanistan.html



Civil Liberties
In the past, insecurity led many Americans to lash out against people of different ethnicities. What historical lessons should we bear in mind as we seek to deal with current threats? How can society best balance a concern with security with personal freedom and civil liberties.

John H. Barnhill: "Security May Be Too Expensive"
http://www.h-net.org/~hns/articles/recent/100701a.html
Examines the Mobilization Against Terrorism Act and the potential loss of civil liberties.

Diane M.T. North, "How Does a Nation Protect Itself in Wartime?"
http://www.h-net.org/~hns/articles/recent/100401a.html
The Office of Homeland Security and protection of constitutional liberties.

Allan M. Winkler, "War Can Threaten Civil Liberties at Home"
http://www.h-net.org/~hns/articles/recent/100301a.html
Examples from the past of the violation of the civil liberties of perceived enemies at home.


Film and Media

Media Coverage
Over the past six decades, the news media have had to respond to many shattering events, from the attack on Pearl Harbor to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, the seizure of American diplomats in Iran, and the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger. Is the current coverage more or less restrained than coverage of previous events. Is it fairer or more biased? Is it stirring or restraining ethnic animosities?

Anti-Islam in the Media
http://www.media-awareness.ca/eng/issues/minrep/resource/reports/cdnislam.htm
A 1998 publication of the Canadian Islamic Congress.

The Portrayal of Muslim Women in Canadian Mainstream Media
http://www.media-awareness.ca/eng/issues/minrep/resource/reports/jafri.htm
By Gul Joya Jafri of the Afghan Women's Organization.

Middle Eastern Film

"Movies of the Middle East" by Janelle Brown
Salon, October 9, 2001
http://www.salon.com/mwt/feature/2001/10/09/film/index.html
"These films frequently personify an intense anger directed at the United States…. Despite a seemingly relentless struggle with censorship, some Middle Eastern filmmakers have produced work that addresses -- often directly -- the issues of politics, war and religion."



Government Sites

Response to Terrorism
http://usinfo.state.gov/topical/pol/terror/
Official statements of U.S.government policy toward terrorism.

Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism:
http://www.state.gov/global/terrorism/
Reports from the U.S. government office responsible for developing, coordinating, and implementing American counterterrorism policy.

Patterns of Global Terrorism
http://www.state.gov/s/ct/rls/pogtrpt/2000/
Includes a chronology of terrorist incidents and background information on terrorist groups.



Islam

Islam: Empire of Faith
http://www.pbs.org/empires/islam/
Companion site to the PBS documentary

Islamic Studies
http://www.arches.uga.edu/~godlas/
The academic website of Dr. Alan Godlas, professor of Religion at the University of Georgia, provides a scholarly overview of Islam and related subjects.

The Status of Muslim Civil Rights in the United States
http://www.cair-net.org/civilrights/
From the Council on American-Islamic Relations.



Lesson Plans

Choices: Attack on the United States
http://www.choices.edu/Sept11/top.html
Students have the opportunity to explore policy options.

New York Times Learning Network
http://nyt.com/learning/general/specials/terrorism/index.html?rd=hcmcp?p=04



Osama bin Laden

Frontline: Hunting bin Laden
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/binladen/

MSA News
http://msanews.mynet.net/Scholars/Laden/
Includes an extensive collection of links.

The Real bin Laden
by Mary Anne Weaver, New Yorker, January 24, 2000
http://www.newyorker.com/FROM_THE_ARCHIVE/ARCHIVES/?010924fr_archive03


The Near East

Meeting with the Muj
http://www.thebulletin.org/issues/2001/jf01/jf01stern.html
A visit to a radical religious school in Lehore, Pakistan by Jessica Stern, a lecturer at Harvard UniversityÍs Kennedy School of Government, an adjunct fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, and a member of the board of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.


News Reports

CNN
http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2001/trade.center/interactives.html

Salon
http://www.salon.com/news/terrorism/
http://www.salon.com/news/terrorism/archives/2001/10/08/1721/index.html

Yahoo
http://dir.yahoo.com/Society_and_Culture/Crime/Types_of_Crime/Terrorism/World_Trade_Center_and_Pentagon_Attack/



Pearl Harbor Analogy

Robert S. McElvaine: "Black Tuesday II"
http://www.h-net.org/~hns/articles/recent/100101a.html
September 11 as combination of Pearl Harbor and Black Tuesday.

Edward T. O'Donnell, "Another Pearl Harbor? Not by a Longshot"
http://www.h-net.org/~hns/articles/recent/091401b.html
Inappropriate analogies between the World Trade Center/Pentagon terrorist attacks and the attack on Pearl Harbor.



Presidential Power

During times of crisis, Americans turn to their president for words of reassurance, comfort, and resolve. Our president, unlike Britain's prime minister, has multiple responsibilities: to serve as head of state, commander-in-chief, and the symbolic leader of our country. A President must not only manage our government, but also lead and inspire our citizens.

Ira Chernus: "Bush Should Consider the Fate of Wartime Presidents"
http://www.h-net.org/~hns/articles/recent/100901a.html
Advises President Bush to heed the examples of Eisenhower in Korea and Johnson in Vietnam.



September 11th

re: constructions
http://web.mit.edu/cms/reconstructions/
A website created by the Comparative Media Studies program at MIT designed to spark
discussions and reflections about the media's role in covering the events of 11
September 2001 and their aftermath.

Terrorist Attacks 2001 Archive
http://www.archive.org/
The Internet Archive, in coordination with the Library of Congress, webArchivist.org and Alexa Internet, have created an archive of information on the terrorist attacks.

Television Archive
http://www.televisionarchive.org
Broadcasts and critical commentary on coverage from television stations worldwide.



Terrorism

The History of Terrorism

Beverly Gage, "The First Wall Street Bomb"
http://www.h-net.org/~hns/articles/recent/091701a.html
Historical precedent to New York terror bombings.

"The Changing Face of Terrorism"
David Greenberg
Slate, September 13, 2001
http://slate.msn.com/historylesson/01-09-13/historylesson.asp

Max Page, "The 'Unimaginable' Has, in Fact, Often Been Imagined"
http://www.h-net.org/~hns/articles/recent/091801b.html
Predictions, in popular culture, of disasters in New York.

Donald R. Shaffer: "The Osama bin Laden of 1916"
http://www.h-net.org/~hns/articles/recent/091901a.html
Earlier precedent in Pancho Villa's raid on Columbus, New Mexico.

Recent Commentary

The Atlantic
http://www.theatlantic.com/unbound/flashbks/jihad.htm

Congressional Quarterly: Recent Terrorist Events
http://www.cqpress.com/context/

Special Briefing: The Terrorist Attack on America: Background -- Foreign Affairs
http://www.foreignaffairs.org/home/terrorism.asp

This special briefing from _Foreign Affairs_ collects the full text of ten previously published articles and thirteen book reviews that "contribute to an understanding of the tragic attacks on New York and Washington." The articles range from David Fromkin's 1975 "The Strategy of Terrorism," which gives the history of terrorism and some governmental strategies for
combatting it, to Richard K. Betts' prescient 1998 "The New Threat of Mass Destruction," discussing the dangers of terrorist attacks on the US. Other writers include Ahmed Rashid, Walter Laqueur, and Ashton Carter.


War

Keith Edgerton, "War Can Take On a Life of Its Own"
http://www.h-net.org/~hns/articles/recent/091501a.html
The unforeseeable results of military reactions to terrorism.

K.R. Constantine Gutzman, "On the Verge of War, Look Before You Leap" http://www.h-net.org/~hns/articles/recent/091401a.html
The often unexpected results of the quick use of military force

Robert Brent Toplin, "War and "The Law of Unintended Consequences"
http://www.h-net.org/~hns/articles/recent/100501a.html
Calls for intensified analysis to foresee the unexpected results of our actions.

 


Page 12: Essential Readings

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